What is a Faraday cage and can you make one yourself? A Faraday cage is a container that is made to protect the contents from an electromagnetic pulse, or better known as an EMP.
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The Faraday cage is named after the creator, Michael Faraday (1791-1857) who was an English physicist and chemist.
The idea behind the Faraday cage is to house and protect your most important electronic devices to keep them functional after the power grid is taken down. Think of it as an electronic isolation chamber. It prevents electrical waves from passing through it. Much the same way a grounding wire for a battery would work.
What to keep in a Faraday cage
- Medical devices such as a CPAP machine
- Communication devices such as a 2 way or ham radio or a cell phone
- Laptop computer or Kindle
- Solar battery chargers
- LED flashlights
- Computer hard drives or portable hard drives
- Night Vision goggles
Modern Faraday cage uses
There are many modern applications of the Faraday cage, and are more common than most people realize!
The mesh screen in the window of a microwave is part of a Faraday cage. This is what keeps the radiation inside to heat up leftovers efficiently, and not leaking outside into the kitchen.
How many times have you entered an elevator and had absolutely no cell phone service? The elevator essentially being a dead zone. The metal doors act as an unintentional Faraday cage by blocking cell signals.
The metal body of a vehicle acts as a Faraday cage when a power line is down. This is why you should never exit a vehicle near a down power line. The metal body will direct dangerous electricity around the vehicle, allowing it to pass harmlessly into the ground, because it isolates and protects the passengers inside.
What to use to build a Faraday cage
- Ammo cans
- Trash cans
- Metal cabinets
- Steel lockers
Using an ammo can
If you know me, you know I am a huge fan of ammo cans for a lot more than simply storing ammunition. Ammo cans have a million different uses. The reason I’m such a fan is they are small, very portable, lightweight, waterproof and can keep things very organized. Perfect for a home office or garage. One of my favorite ammo can uses are for blackout boxes for the exact reasons I just listed.
How to make a Faraday cage using an ammo can
Select the container for your Faraday cage
In this case, I’m using an ammo can. But you can use any of the containers I mentioned above. The size of the container will really depend on what you want to store in it. If storing something like a CPAP machine or a full size laptop, I recommend something bigger than an ammo can.
For smaller things like communication devices and portable hard drives, an ammo can is perfect. Think about what you plan to store in your personal Faraday cage.
Line the container
I used 1/8th inch reinforced cardboard. Other items that will work are thick fabric or styrofoam. Make sure that all the pieces of styrofoam or cardboard fit snugly together.
The goal here is that nothing is touching the metal walls of the ammo can. It is another layer of protection.
Wrap the contents
Note that you will want to wrap and protect each item individually.
Remove the batteries from each item, if possible. Batteries corrode over time and destroy items.
Wrap each item in a layer of newspaper, then a layer of foil. Follow this with another layer of newspaper and then place inside a Ziploc bag. If you want an added layer of protection, these EMP bags are a great way to go.
It is also important to label each bag for organizational purposes. Once they are wrapped up, it is impossible to tell what is what.
Seal the ammo can
Make sure the ammo can has a layer of cardboard on top that fits the top of the can, not the lid. It should be exactly the same size as the bottom layer of cardboard.
Close the lid on the ammo can and then seal it with aluminum foil tape around the lid. Also be sure to tape up the hinge. The more layers, the more protection. Don’t be afraid to use the tape!
You can easily test the functionality of your Faraday cage. Place a functioning cell phone inside the Faraday cage, and follow the above directions. If you can call the cell phone and it receives a signal and rings, the cage isn’t working correctly. The signal should be blocked and prevent the phone from receiving the call.
Do you have a Faraday cage?
Have you made a Faraday cage? If not, why? If so, what have you chosen to keep in it? What is an absolute necessity to keep in your Faraday cage? Let’s discuss this in the comments!
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